Lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction in children has a broad spectrum of presentation. Patients may experience symptoms related to overactive bladder (OAB), voiding postponement, dysfunctional voiding (DV) or underactive bladder (UAB). Using the same treatment method will seldom have the same effective action under these different conditions when there are perhaps different pathophysiological etiologies. ... read more
When Should we Offer Parasacral Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Pediatric Patients with Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction?